Eclipse of 335 BC, Alexander the Great invades the Levant


No discussion about ancient Roman warfare is complete without first mentioning the Greeks. While Rome was a small settlement, the Greeks under Alexander were conquering the known world. The Romans were great imitators and based their society and religion on much of what the Greeks had already done. The eclipse of 335 BC occured at the time of the Greek conquest of Tyre, Gaza and Jerusalem. Tyre and Gaza suffered terrible sieges and defeats under Alexander the Great. While marching on Jerusalem, Alexander met the Jewish High Priest outside the city. Alexander then bowed down to the Jewish High Priest and reported he had seen him before as the face of an angel that had led him(Alexander) into battle. As a result Alexander did not destroy Jerusalem and even sacrificed at the temple to the Jewish God. He was showed the prophecy in the book of Daniel that he would destroy Babylon. This may be the reason why the Greek coins of Tyre and Antioch, along with their high silver content, were allowed as the temple currency in ancient Israel. Alexander required Jewish sons be named "Alexander." We see this derivation in the names Sander or Sandler today, i.e. Adam Sandler.


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