Rome Mint 143 BC

This coin has the head of Roma on the obverse. Diana is on the reverse with a chariot signifying the moon. Diana is also carrying a torch. Below the chariot is a pellet within a crescent. This is most likely representative of the 147 BC solar eclipse seen by Roman troops in Carthage as the Third Punic War(149-146 BC) came to a end. In 146 BC Roman troops finally destroyed Carthage and ensured a steady grain supply to Rome. This coin would have been seen by the Roman population as validation from the heavens for their invasion of Carthage. Carthage tried to make peace with Rome and paid their debt to the Roman government from the prior wars. Rome had no intention of allowing Carthaginian self government and with a growing Roman population had to aquire the farms in Northern Africa. The solar eclipse was seen retrospectively as justification from the gods for the invasion and used as propaganda for Roman domination. The peace offerings from Carthage did not matter to the Roman government. Photo Ancient Imports.

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.