Rome began invasions of Parthia and placed a seige on Jersusalem in 37 BC. Herod the Great and Marc Antony captured Jerusalem in 37 BC and deposed the last Hasmonian ruler Antigonus II Mattathias. Parthia at the time was supporting the Hasmoneans. Antigonus II was executed in Antioch in 37 BC. This solar eclipse is again associated with Roman war planning.