Varus defeated in the Teutoburg Forest 9AD

Varus entered a wealthy Syria and left it poor. He took the money from Syria and Judea and funded legions to invade Germany. Varus was killed and three legions were destroyed. Augustus who was related to Varus by marriage removed his name from public monuments and mourned the loss of his army. This battle along with the battle of Carrhae, 53 BC, in modern day Turkey were disasterous defeats for the Roman Empire. Solar Eclipses may have influenced the perceptions in both of these battles and future battles to come. "Those who live by the sword, die by the sword," Jesus Christ.

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.