Let's not forget about King Aretas IV of Petra, Nabatea. Remember he helped Varus destroy the Galilee after Jesus returned from Egypt with his family. After the beheading of John the Baptist, Herod Antipas incured the wrath of Aretas from divorcing his wife who was the daughter of King Aretas. He married his brother's wife. John the Baptist condemned Herod Antipas and was excecuted. This had a profound effect on Jesus and he stayed out of Tiberius and remained in Herod Phillip's territory for most of his gospel ministry. Herod Antipas fought Aretas and his brother Phillip's army and lost. He fell out of favor with Emperor Caligula and was banished to France. It seems the rise and fall of the Herods were connected to eclipse events. Aretas was the King when Paul was being lowered from the walls of Damascus. Rome responded to the defeat of Antipas with General Vitellius but did not engage the Nabateans due to the death of Tiberius.