Emperor Otho, 69 AD Antioch Mint

This coin was minted by Emperor Otho near the end of the first Jewish revolt. The pellet and crescent symbol at the base of the reverse represents Roman power dominating the solar eclipse cycle. A total solar eclipse over Antioch in 59 AD and solar eclipses over the empire in the 60's did not appear to be represented on coins. Most likely the Roman state was in disarray with the great fire in Rome, the Jewish revolt and the Roman civil wars after the death of Nero. With the seige of Jerusalem and the Roman victory of the first Jewish revolt, Roman power was again perceived as being validated by the heavens. Photo Zuzim Coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.