Emperor Trajan, Reign 98-117 AD

This coin shows Emperor Trajan on the obverse. He was responsible for a series of Roman invasions of Dacia, Nabatea, and finally Parthia. He had dreams of expanding Roman domination to India and China. The reverse of the coin is likely representative of the solar eclipse of 113 AD when Trajan began his conquest of Parthia and Mesopotamia. The solar eclipse of 113 AD may have influenced the Roman military decision to begin these invasions. This coin was minted in Byzantium, later to become Constantinople. Photo CNG coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.