Hadrian Legionary Standard 118 AD

This coin was minted in Rome in 118 AD. The obverse shows Hadrian and the reverse shows a representation of a Roman Legionary Standard which would have been seen by the population of Israel. There appears to be eagles and a wreath at the top, followed by a lunar crescent. A pellet surrounded by a circle above another crescent symbol is present in the middle. The pellet within the circle has been taken by historians to represent the sun. This may be modern logical bias. Just like the dot on an "i" can represent one meaning together, the circle and dot above a crescent may be representative of a solar eclipse. There appears to be an inverted lunar crescent at the base of the standards. Handles are also seen at the base. Photo Lucernae Coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.