Hadrian, Alexandria, Egypt 134-135 AD

This coin was minted at the end of the Bar Kochba Revolt. The reverse shows a ram which may represent Judea. The ram is about to be sacrificed on a Egyptian altar. Serapis, a Greco-Egyptian god of resurrection is pictured above the ram. It appears the coin symbolizes the old Judea being sacrificed to the gods and subsequently being resurrected by the god Serapis in the Egyptian-Greco-Roman context. Serapis was featured frequently on the coins of Aelia Capitolina. There are pellets and crescents on the headgear of the ram. Photo CNG Coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.