Emperor Pescennius Niger, Reign from 193-194 AD, Predictive of 197 AD Eclipse

Pescennius Niger served in the military campaigns of Commodus and became Imperial Legate of Syria in 191 AD. He was still in Syria when the news came of the death of Emperor Pertinax and was proclaimed emperor by the citizens of Rome. The reverse of this coin was weakly struck but shows multiple stars and a crescent similar to Hadrian's eclipse coins. The multiple start pattern may be indicative of a brief eclipse. Viewing a brief eclipse may give the impression of multiple bodies passing in front of the sun. Being in Antioch he was very familiar with the history of solar eclipses and may have seen the eclipse of 174 AD. He was assassinated before he could become emperor but may have been aware of the 197 AD eclipse. Photo from Tom Cederlind

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.