The region of Gadara, opium producer of the Galilee

March 15, 2019

More numismatic evidence of the Greco-Roman trade of opium in the Galilee. The above coin from Gadara was minted in 40-39 BC. Note Pompey rebuilt the city in 63 BC as a city of the Decapolis. The first coins show the above motif. The obverse has Tyche, a city god of fortune. The reverse has a grape cluster and a live opium leaf and bulb. From my last post the edges are still serrated which means the bulb is alive! They likely were extracting opium juice from the plant.

From the very start of Roman Gadara, they were advertising trade in grapes and opium. Other contemporary coins from Gadara have a caduceus, the Roman symbol of trade. The above cornucopia would be the vessel for the containment of grape and opium products. Wine and poppies. See the spike on the bottom which could be used to "score or bleed" the bulb for opium. Note Jesus Christ went to this region to cast demons out of people. We clearly now see why. 

 

        Opium bulb and leaf separate from grape cluster

 

 

 

                                                                               Opium Leaf

 

 

           Opium leaves have great anatomical variety

                         Opium extraction from bulb

 

 

                        Bulbs come in multiples sizes

 

 

 

 

 1st Photo: Zurqieh V coins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.