The Solar Eclipse of 63 BC and Siege of Jerusalem, the start of the Pompeian Era in the Levant

The Roman general Pompey the Great invaded the Levant and sieged Jerusalem in 63 BC. The above coin is from the city of Canatha (Kenath) near Bostra. It was on the border of greater Israel. The front has the bust of Zeus or Jupiter. The star and crescent represents the solar eclipse of 63 BC. It is a coin to mark the foundation of Canatha when Gabinius entered the Transjordan. The Romans looked at solar eclipses in terms of their mythology. The city of Rome was founded at a series of solar eclipses. The Roman Empire interpreted these events as fortuitous for military victories under the war god Mars. Also note that Pompey invaded the Levant from Antioch in Roman Syria where the solar eclipse would have been seen.

Herod was defeated by the Nabateans at Canatha. Some scholars believe Nabatean Petra was the original city of Islam. The connection with the star and crescent symbolism may not be a coincidence.

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.