Moneyer Licinius Nerva, Rome Mint 113 BC
The obverse of this coin displays the Roman military machine represented as the god, "Roma." The solar crescent above Roma has a pellet barely visible within the horns. This likely represents the the solar eclipse of 115 BC seen in Rome. The Romans at the time were mobilizing their military against Numidia. The Jugurthine War took place in Numidia between 112-106 BC. The reverse of the coin displays a rare glimpse at the workings of Roman democracy. It is interesting to think the Roman Dictator Sulla came to power as a result of his experience in the Jugurthine and Cimbrian Wars which were in the direct path of the 115 BC solar eclipse. Sulla was known for his persecutions of his enemies, terror, and dictatorship. Photo Art Ancient Coins.