Moneyer Licinius Nerva, Rome Mint 113 BC

The obverse of this coin displays the Roman military machine represented as the god, "Roma." The solar crescent above Roma has a pellet barely visible within the horns. This likely represents the the solar eclipse of 115 BC seen in Rome. The Romans at the time were mobilizing their military against Numidia. The Jugurthine War took place in Numidia between 112-106 BC. The reverse of the coin displays a rare glimpse at the workings of Roman democracy. It is interesting to think the Roman Dictator Sulla came to power as a result of his experience in the Jugurthine and Cimbrian Wars which were in the direct path of the 115 BC solar eclipse. Sulla was known for his persecutions of his enemies, terror, and dictatorship. Photo Art Ancient Coins.

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.