P. Clodius and M.F. Turrinus, Rome Mint 42 BC, Eclipse of 50 BC

In 42 BC the Roman Republican armies were defeated by Octavian and Marc Antony at the Battle of Phillipi. The obverse of the coin shows the head of the sun god Sol with a radiate crown. The reverse is a solar crescent surrounded by stars. The eclipse of 50 BC was seen in Rome and most of the empire. It most likely was interpreted in the favor of Julius Caesar. In 50 BC the senate and Pompey the Great ordered Caesar to return to Rome from Gaul and to disband his army. Nine months later after this solar eclipse, Julius Caesar and his army crossed the Rubicon river and started a civil war with Pompey and Republican forces. This coin commemorates the solar eclipse of 50 BC as the official start of the Roman Empire. Note the five stars may represent the years since the death of Pompey the Great (Died 48 BC). Roman mints in 42 BC would mint coins in favor of Julius Caesar. Photo Sergey Nechayev Coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.