Octavian, Hybrid or Annular Eclipse of 35 BC

Minted in 30-29 BC, this coin represents the last conflicts of Octavian before becoming the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. The eclipse of 35 BC was associated with the excecution of Sextus Pompey, the removal of Lepidus and the dissolution of the Second Triumvirate. Between 35-30 BC, Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra. In 30 BC, Caesarion, Julius Caesar's only son , was excecuted by Octavian. This left Octavian as the only surviving ruler who could claim family ties to Julius Caesar. The obverse of this coin shows Mars the Roman god of war. The reverse shows the annular eclipse of 35 BC in a Macedonian shield design. Octavian placed varients of this symbol on coins with Julius Caesar to claim approval from the heavens and kinship with the divinity of Julius Caesar. The coins demonstrating the divine comet of Julius Caesar in 44 BC are different than the above symbol. The star symbol on the shield is directly associated with war, not absolute divinity. As one can see even NASA uses the above symbol on their solar eclipse charts. In 30 BC the ruler John Hyrcanus II of Israel died. Photo Mike Vosper Coins

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.