Coin of Emperor Gordian III and wife Tranquillina 243 AD, Anazarbus, outside Antioch

This coin was minted in honor of the Roman military campaign against the invasion of Sasanian King Shapur I and his father Ardashir I. He was defeated at Rhesaina, Northern Mesopotamia in the winter of 243 AD. The Romans recaptured Carrhae earlier that year. The eclipse symbol of multiple stars around a solar crescent has been incorporated into a bust of Selene the moon goddess. Selene is now covering the sun. Tranquillina's father was Gordian III's general and helped defeat the Sasanians. The eclipse of 240 AD was likely viewed favorably for King Ardashir I to invade Roman Syria. When King Ardashir I was being defeated, the Romans viewed the eclipse as in their favor and honored Gordian with the eclipse sign and divinity. Photo Munzhandlung Ritter

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2000 years ago the cross was a Roman symbol of death and terror. Jesus Christ transformed this symbol into a universal sign of God's love, hope and resurrection. Solar eclipse events are recorded in Roman mythology during the conception of Romulus and Remus by the war god Mars and during the foundation of the city of Rome. The solar eclipse to the Romans was a sign from their gods that war was upon the Earth. The solar eclipse symbol of the star/pellet within the crescent on Roman coins and legionary standards was also a sign of their god's approval of Roman domination over conquered lands. Fifteen hundred years later, the "Our Lady of Guadalupe" Icon was presented to the New World as an inverted Roman Legionary Standard. Jesus Christ changed these symbols of Roman domination and slavery into an everlasting sign of God's love and compassion.